Possessive adjectives

What are possessive adjectives?

We use possessive adjectives to express who possesses sth or something belongs to somebody. In German, we call it ‘Possessivartikel ‘(possessive articles).


Mein Laptop (my laptop), ihre Kinder (her children)

Ist das dein Buch? (Is this your book?)

The possessive adjectives in German are as follows:

The endings change according to gender (Masculine, Feminine, or Neutral), number (Singular or plural) and case (Nominative, accusative, dative or genitive)

To make it easy: The endings of these possessive adjectives follow the same pattern of the indefinite article ‘ein’.

Possessivartikel im Nominativ, Akkusativ, Dativ und Genitiv

Also so: dein-, sein-, ihr-, unser-, eu(e)r-, ihr-, Ihr-

Übung (exercise):

Ergänzen Sie die Lücken mit Possessivartikel.

(Fill the gaps with the possessive article.)

Example: Ich habe einen Bruder. Mein Bruder ist 10 Jahre alt.
(I have a brother. My brother is 10 years old.)

  1. Wir haben ....... Auto vekauft. (We sold our car)
  2. Hilfst du .... Mutter in der Küche? (do you help your mother in the kitchen?)
  3. ..... Haus ist schön (His house beautiful)
  4. Ist das .... Handy? (Is this your phone?)
  5. Sind das .... Taschen, Herr Müller? (Are these your bags, Mr. Müller?)